Disability Categories

Children may qualify for special education services in the following disability categories:
Specific Learning Disability (SLD)
A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using spoken or written language. The disability may be exhibited as an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations. SLD also includes conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia and developmental aphasia.
Emotional or behavioral disorder
Serious problems with behavior, social skills, peer relations, emotional responses and coping skills which interfere with learning and/or relationships in school.
Speech or language impairment
Great difficulty with speaking, understanding or using words and sentences in a meaningful way.
Cognitive disability
Many difficulties in learning and adapting. The learner experiences a much slower rate of learning.
Hard of hearing
Hearing loss which interferes with the learner’s performance in school.
Visual impairment
Loss of vision, visual field cut and/or very poor visual acuity even with correction (glasses), which interferes with learner’s performance in schools.
Physical impairment
Permanent, severe and acute or chronic physical conditions which greatly interfere with performance at school.
Autism spectrum disorder
Great difficulty in communicating and interacting with others, thus interfering with learning and/or relationships at school.
Traumatic brain injury
Permanent and severe injury to the brain occurring after birth, which greatly interferes with learning.
Other health disability
A broad range of medically diagnosed chronic or acute health conditions that greatly interfere with learning.